Humanitarian Overview - The ongoing events in Syria continue to impact the humanitarian situation resulting in significant humanitarian needs. According to WFP, around 1 million people were identified as being in need of assistance. In addition, tens of thousands of Syrians have registered with the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) in neighboring countries, particularly Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq. There has also been a significant negative impact on families’ livelihoods across Syria. Access to basic needs including food, water, electricity and medical supplies has been interrupted in areas witnessing armed activities. A growing number of main breadwinners have become unemployed. Also, soaring food and fuel prices across the country has exacerbated the situation.
Food Security Component - The FAO Global Information Early Warning System (GIEWS) has released a special alert for the Syrian Arab Republic, citing continued civil unrest that is threatening food security in the country, particularly for vulnerable groups. According to the World Food Programme, approximately 1.4 million people have become food insecure since the start of the civil unrest. The outlook for the 2012 winter cereal crops could suffer due to disruptions in overall agricultural activities and limited access to fertilizer and seeds. It is also reported that civil insecurity in several areas has prevented farmers from accessing their farmland during the harvest. Imports have also been affected due to economic and trade sanctions, as well as a 30 percent tax imposed on goods imported from Turkey.
According to the Joint Rapid Food Security Needs Assessment (JRFSNA) 3 undertaken in June 2013, 5-10% of the most vulnerable rural population are reportedly female-headed households. “With less or no income and very little savings, high recurring expenses and many mouths to feed, their resources are fast depleting.
The conflict in Syria is contributing to the near collapse of urban systems. Some 6.8 million Syrians are in need including 4.25 million that are internally displaced. The capacities of urban services are strained to their limit, resulting in life threatening conditions for vulnerable populations. Humanitarian assistance needs to be implemented in a way that strengthens existing capacities, resources and networks. UNHABITAT initiated the Urban Snapshots series to raise awareness on critical urban issues in the Syria emergency and to provide an overview of response options and approaches.
Scenarios are a description of situations that could occur, a set of informed assumptions about a development that may require humanitarian action. These scenarios can support strategic planning, create awareness, provide early warning and promote preparedness activities for all groups and individuals working on the Syria crisis. The following document covers three scenarios which are likely to occur in the next six months. For every scenario a separate column indicates whether the described event is already taking place. Where possible, the current occurrence of this event is quantified.
• Protection Coordination Response - Protection co-ordination and response in Syria for IDPs and conflict affected civilians has been established through the UNHCR led Protection/ Community Services Working Group. An Amman based inter-agency protection support group for Syria has been set up. The purpose of this group is to support the management of protection coordination on-going inside Syria.
• Information on Gender-based violence (GBV) and the response options with respect to different areas of responsibility (AoR).
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