Humanitarian need in Sudan is driven by conflict, displacement and vulnerability. In 2015 humanitarian organizations will target assistance at an estimated 5.4 million of the most vulnerable people in Sudan. Some 3.1 million of these people are internally displaced; most in Darfur, while a further 0.7 million people are refugees displaced from their country of origin or South Sudanese who are unable to move to South Sudan. In addition the humanitarian community aims to provide assistance to some 1.6 million of the most food-insecure non-displaced people, as well as 1.2 million of the most severely malnourished children aged under five.

In Darfur at least 32,000 people have been displaced from their homes by conflict since December 2014. These 32,000 people have been verified and received some form of humanitarian assistance. However, many more people are reported to have been displaced by fighting, including in the Eastern Jebel Marra area of Darfur.

The outbreak of fighting and subsequent displacement in Abyei, South Kordofan and Blue Nile states at the height of the agricultural season has placed local recovery and development activities on hold and created significant new needs. Increasingly, people are seeking assistance that provides opportunities for them to move beyond emergency relief assistance and rebuild productive lives.


  • Capital - Khartoum
  • Population - 38,193,000
  • Time Zone - GMT +02:00
  • Currency - Sudanese Dinar (SDD)


The Food Security and Livelihoods Sector (FSLS) in Sudan seeks to alleviate suffering among affected populations through effective coordination of multiple assistance efforts. The FSLS is co-led by the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organisation, and the World Food Programme. The FSLS works with all stakeholders with an interest or activity in food security and livelihoods including; the Government of Sudan, International Non-Governmental Organizations, National Non-Governmental Organizations, other United Nations’ agencies, academic and research bodies, and the Red Cross/Red Crescent Movement.

The FSLS coordinates current and planned FSLS interventions, and disseminates FSLS information to partners. It strengthens preparedness and response to food security and livelihood emergencies, while promoting capacity-building of FSLS partners. The FSLS sector supports people with food assistance and productive livelihood inputs in areas to which people have fled, as well as in areas where people have returned and have access to land for cultivation. As well as environmental impacts, food insecurity amongst returnee populations may also put certain women, girls, boys and men at risk of sexual exploitation and abuse and GBV. It is the responsibility of the sector partners to ensure these ‘cross-cutting issue’ are considered. The FSLS also works closely with the Nutrition, Health, WASH and Protection sectors in planning and organizing assessments and sharing information on sector activities/interventions.

The sector coordination operates at both national and state levels, and the work of the FSLS in 2015 is based on the ‘Humanitarian Need Overview data for the Strategic Response Plan in which the sector objectives are to;

1. Reduce acute food insecurity and save lives of vulnerable people affected by conflict and natural disasters.

2. Restore and improve food and livelihoods security of vulnerable households in affected areas

3. Strengthen FSL sector coordination and information management for effective and timely humanitarian response.