Humanitarian need in Sudan is driven by conflict, displacement and vulnerability. In 2012, humanitarian assistance will support up to 4.2 million people to ensure food security and livelihoods opportunities. The humanitarian situation remains acute in Darfur, where up to 1.9 million people remain in camps, while at the same time a growing number of returnees require assistance. The outbreak of fighting and subsequent displacement in Abyei, South Kordofan and Blue Nile states at the height of the agricultural season has placed local recovery and development activities on hold and created significant new needs. Increasingly, people are seeking assistance that provides opportunities for them to move beyond emergency relief assistance and rebuild productive lives.


  • Capital - Khartoum
  • Population - 38,193,000
  • Time Zone - GMT +02:00
  • Currency - Sudanese Dinar (SDD)


The Food Security and Livelihoods (FSL) cluster (or sector) in Sudan seeks to alleviate suffering among affected populations through effective coordination of multiple assistance efforts. The FSL cluster is co-led by the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organisation, and the World Food Programme. The FSL sector works with all stakeholders with an interest or activity in food security and livelihoods including; the Government of Sudan, International Non-Governmental Organizations, National Non-Governmental Organizations, other United Nations’ agencies, academic and research bodies, and the Red Cross/Red Crescent Movement.

The FSL cluster coordinates current and planned FSL interventions, and disseminates FSL information to partners. It strengthens preparedness and response to food security and livelihood emergencies, while promoting capacity-building of FSL partners. The FSL sector supports people with food assistance and productive livelihood inputs in areas to which people have fled, as well as in areas where people have returned and have access to land for cultivation. As well as environmental impacts, food insecurity amongst returnee populations may also put certain women, girls, boys and men at risk of sexual exploitation and abuse and GBV. It is the responsibility of the sector partners to ensure these ‘cross-cutting issue’ are considered. The FSL sector also works closely with the Nutrition, Health, WASH and Protection sectors in planning and organizing assessments and sharing information on sector activities/interventions.

The sector coordination operates at both national and state levels, and the work of the FSL sector in 2012 is based on the ‘Sudan United Nations and Partners’ Work Plan’, in which the sector objectives are to;

1. Reduce acute food insecurity and save lives of vulnerable people;

2. Protect, restore and improve household food and livelihoods security of vulnerable populations;

3. Restore and promote sustainable Natural Resource Management (NRM) by vulnerable communities and in vulnerable eco-systems;

4. Strengthen strategic coordination of interventions, capacity of partners, emergency preparedness and effective response to FSL aspects of disasters & conflicts.