More than 10 million people are suffering from hunger as drought, poverty, high grain prices and environmental degradation hit Mali, Niger and six other Sahel countries. Conflict between rebels and government forces have driven tens of thousands of people from northern Mali into Niger, a country hit hard by epidemic hunger with 5.4 million people struggling for food. People have been moving out of Mali into neighbouring countries as a result of the conflict, even before the military coup, which overthrew the government in March 2012. In addition, FAO warned on 5 June 2012 that croplands in Mali are at imminent risk from Desert Locust swarms that are moving southward from Algeria and Libya.
- Capital - Bamako
- Population - 11,008,518
- Time Zone - GMT +00:00
- Currency - CFA Franc BCEAO (XOF)