The Food Security and Nutrition Cluster (FSNC) in Colombia was created in 2007 to support preparedness and response in the context of the protracted conflict and natural disaster events and to support the capacity of humanitarian actors and cover gaps in assistance. The overall objective of the FSC is to respond to humanitarian crises in a coordinated, effective and timely manner, covering gaps in assistance especially in remote rural areas, but also in urban centers where high levels of violence and conflict persist, whilst avoiding response duplication. It is co-lead by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and UNICEF and functions under the overall coordination of the Humanitarian Country Team, working closely with other clusters ( especially Protection, WASH and Health). The FSNC members (23) in Colombia include UN agencies, INGOs, Red Cross movement, NGOs, civil society organizations and donors. The FSNC in Colombia shares information with the government entities in charge of emergencies and participates in meetings, forums and other food security and nutrition coordination structures.
- Capital - Bogotá
- Time Zone - GMT -05:00
- Currency - Colombian peso ()
Colombia continues to face persistent humanitarian needs as a result of the impact of armed conflict and armed violence. While the armed conflict continues between the Government and the FARC-EP and ELN guerrillas, other sources of violence such as the post-demobilization armed groups (PDAGs) pose increasing humanitarian and protection challenges. Land distribution inequality, drug trafficking, illegal mining and other illegal economies, weak State presence and poor socioeconomic opportunities in rural isolated areas are amongst the main drivers of the conflict in Colombia.
Ongoing peace talks between the Government and the FARC-EP and exploratory dialogues with the ELN guerilla, represent a major opportunity to reduce the humanitarian caseload in Colombia. However, negotiations are being held in the midst of hostilities, which means there are new victims every day, while at the same time the violence caused by PDAGs and other local armed structures continue and could even increase in the immediate aftermath of a peace agreement.
People in need include thousands of newly displaced persons, host communities of the most vulnerable municipalities, people facing mobility restrictions and constraints to access basic services, APM victims, and those affected by natural disasters in areas also affected by the conflict. Despite increased national prevention and response efforts, there are still unmet humanitarian needs and new victims of violence and natural disasters in need of assistance. Response gaps are particularly severe in the hardest hit municipalities, in particular in difficult to access rural areas, and in urban centres in neighborhood controlled by non-state armed groups, where local response capacities are limited and/or have been overwhelmed.
The FSNC supported the joint food security, WASH and livelihoods assessment (OXFAM, UNDP, WFP) in La Guajira province in August 2014, due to the effects of drought and closure of the border with Venezuela and presentation.
In order to prepare the Strategic Response Plan, 2015, the FSC has convened partners to a workshop for the 29th October, in WFP premises. See the Agenda.
FSN Cluster supported OCHA with the 2015 Humanitarian Needs Overview and the following maps were produced:
The FSNC together with the WASH cluster trained the Local Humanitarian Team in Arauca province between October 23-24 on Food Security and Nutrition rapid assessments methodologies and tools. Se training material at:
Módulo de Conceptos y Marcos Conceptuales de SAN .Aquí; Módulo sobre evaluaciones de necesidades. Aquí; Módulo de evaluación de necesidades (2). Aquí; Módulo sobre Medios de Vida. Aquí; Módulo de Capacitación en Nutrición en Emergencias. Aquí
The two previous FSNC meeting minutes are available at:
Assessments & Surveys
Cash and Urban Livelihoods Working Group
- For further information on the 4W section, please visit: http://www.salahumanitaria.co/es/search/type/map and https://sites.google.com/site/clustersancolombia/actividades-del-cluster/4w
- For further information on Situation Reports, please visit: http://www.salahumanitaria.co/es/search/document-type/46